You will receive a range of benefits including: We are currently updating this section. Common Name(s): creosote bush [English] creosotebush [English] Accepted Name(s): Larrea tridentata (DC.) This QR Code is unique to this page. Larrea tridentata. The degree to which the taste was intriguing and interesting indicated that its use in moderate quantities was or could be positive for the mental function, as often advocated in the case of such an herb as cannabis. [6], Larrea tridentata is an evergreen shrub growing to 1 to 3 m (3.3 to 9.8 ft) tall, rarely 4 m (13 ft). http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs. * Exclusive content not on the website Carbon Farming - Cultivation: experimental. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. The whole plant exhibits a characteristic odor of creosote, from which the common name derives. ABBREVIATION: LARTRI SYNONYMS: Larrea divaricata Cav. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). tridentata. Hardy to USDA Zone 7 Native and very common in the deserts of southeastern California, Arizona, southern Utah, western Texas, and northern Mexico. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Larrea Tridentata is a group of closely related wild shrubs. NRCS PLANT CODE: LATR2 COMMON NAMES: creosote bush greasewood TAXONOMY: The scientific name of creosote bush is Larrea tridentata (D.C.) Cov. The plant has been widely used medicinally by … 3. Larrea tridentata is a prominent species in the Mojave, Sonoran, and Chihuahuan Deserts of western North America, and its range includes those and other regions in portions of southeastern California, Arizona, southern Nevada, southwestern Utah, New Mexico, and Texas in the United States, and Chihuahua, Sonora, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Zacatecas, Durango and San Luis Potosì in Mexico. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. In parts of its range, it may cover large areas in practically pure stands, though it usually occurs in association with Ambrosia dumosa (burro bush or bur-sage). creosotebush. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It continued to be widely used as a treatment for rheumatic disease, venereal infections, urinary infections and certain types of cancer, especially leukaemia until its sale was banned in North America due to concern over its potential toxic effect upon the liver[254]. This raises the issue of addressing the number one public health issue of our time, the profit-driven marketing of death to over 5 million victims a year world-wide (WHO est.) Lemm, Jeffrey. Larrea_tridentata is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft 1in). Cuttings of new growth in spring in a frame[200]. ID - 44914. Recognized by USDA Plants data. 16 Nov 2020 It has been alive an estimated 11,700 years, in the central Mojave Desert near present-day Lucerne Valley, California. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed. Chemicals found in creosote bush roots have been shown to inhibit the growth of burro bush roots, but as of 2013, much of their relationship remains unexplained. Creosote bush is most common on the well-drained soils of alluvial fans and flats. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Chickenpox 5. Creosote bush stands tend to display an evenly spaced distribution of plants. arenaria L.D. tridentata Homonyms Larrea tridentata Coville Larrea tridentata J.M.Coult. creosote bush. The twigs are chewed to alleviate thirst[2, 183]. 1. names in breadcrumbs. ... Larrea tridentata (DC.) This rapid uptake causes branches to grow several centimeters at the end of a wet season. It is a member of the caltrop family (Zygophyllaceae) [52,98]. One of my favorite first aid plants for infections is Chaparral (Larrea tridentata, Zygophyllaceae). Carbon Farming  Dynamic accumulator  Scented Plants. How is it used? [18] Originally,[citation needed] it was assumed that the plant produced a water-soluble inhibitor that prevented the growth of other bushes near mature, healthy bushes. Larrea tridentata - (Sessé.&Moc. University of California Press. Accumulation of fallen leaves, as well as other detritus caught from the passing wind, creates an ecological community specific to the creosote bush canopy, including beetles, millipedes, pocket mice, and kangaroo rats. arenaria L.D. From this, it can be inferred that all the plants inside a stand are of equal age. From this, it can be inferred that all the plants inside a stand are of equal age. Coville : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - other, see comments : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Not considered safe as a herbal remedy [301]. It is thought that this meeting reestablished a biological relationship that was broken when the American camels became extinct in the Quaternary Extinction Event, making it an evolutionary anachronism. Vail: LADI2: Larr Several reports of chaparral-associated hepatitis have been published since 1990, but a complete picture of the clinical presentation is still unclear. It has a number of other common names, but in the world of herbal medicine, Chaparral seems to be the most common, common name. For a list of references used on this page please go here. Gas 8. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. tridentata (DC.) Management: coppice. It is a flowering plant in the family Zygophyllaceae. Coville var. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Color: Yellow Common name: Creosote Bush, Greasewood Latin name: Larrea tridentata Family: ZYGOPHYLLACEAE Height: 3-10 feet Description: Creosote bush is an open, vase-shape shrub with solitary, small, numerous flowers on grayish stems/trunks. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. As of Nov 2013, Google recognizes "larrea tridentata" as a synonym for "creosote bush"; creosote bush is the common name supplied by the USDA plants database, and it is what is used in NPS visitor centers. Galls may form by the activity of the creosote gall midge. In terms of negative water potential, creosote bushes can operate fully at -50 bars of water potential and have been found living down to -120 bars, although the practical average floor is around -70 bars, where the plant's need for cellular respiration generally exceeds the level that the water-requiring process of photosynthesis can provide. More >>>, L. divaricata. Respiratory infections 9. Parts Used: Aerial parts: leaves and flowers. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFUnited_States_Herbarium1890 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFWignallBowers1993 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, United States Food and Drug Administration, "The oldest living thing is a quiet survivor", "Health Canada warns consumers not to take products containing chaparral", "King Clone, The World's Oldest Living Thing", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Larrea_tridentata&oldid=996521055, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 02:36. The Pima drank a decoction of the leaves as an emetic, and applied the boiled leaves as poultices to wounds or sores. [22] The shrub is still widely used as an herbal medicine in Mexico. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. While the chaparral plant is not proven to be totally safe and effective, in traditional folk medicine and alternative medicine, it has been used for a host of things, such as: 1. The Arabian camel, brought to the area by the United States Camel Corps, readily ate creosote bush. The stems of the plant bear resinous, dark green leaves with two opposite lanceolate leaflets joined at the base, with a deciduous awn between them, each leaflet 7 to 18 mm (0.28 to 0.71 in) long and 4 to 8.5 mm (0.16 to 0.33 in) broad. Acute hepatitis associated with oral use. Name: Creosote bush: Scientific Name: Larrea tridentata: Origin: Larrea tridentata develops in the Sonoran, Mojave and Chihuahuan Deserts. ex DC.)Coville. We will not sell or share your email address. Creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) has an unromantic name but possesses wonderful medicinal properties and fascinating adaptive abilities. Larrea tridentata NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Ground heat compounds the young plants' susceptibility to water stress, and ground temperatures can reach upwards of 70 °C (160 °F). Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Larrea tridentata Common name: Chaparral. Not considered safe as a herbal remedy [301]. U.S. Weed Information. Varieites include : Larrea tridentata (DC.) The leaves are naturally varnished, to slow evaporation and conserve water. It is in leaf all year. Notice that most other plants avoid creosote Cite this page: Tropicos.org. There have been a number of cases of acute or sub-acute hepatitis attributed to the use of this herb and so its internal use is not recommended until further research has been carried out[254]. Arthritis 2. Diabetes 7. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Larrea tridentata called creosote bush and greasewood as a plant,[2] chaparral as a medicinal herb,[3] and gobernadora in Mexico. This is distinct from the southern California plant community which is also called ‘chaparral’. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. For more information about QR Codes click here. Water loss is reduced by the resinous waxy coating of the leaves, and by their small size, which prevents them from heating above air temperature (which would increase the vapor pressure deficit between the leaf and the air, thus increasing water loss). 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