While excess pigmentation does not cause medical problems, purple, blue and black discoloration of the tongue can be a sign of health problems in a dog with a normally pink tongue. Discoloration of the tongue and gums can be a sign of infection and should be discussed with your vet immediately. Melanoma is a form of cancer. It frequently develops from birth or sometime during the course of life and tends to be permanent. Purple spots and coloration on the tongue do not necessarily mean that the dog has chow chow in its lineage. "Black tongue" occurs due to ulceration or inflammation in the mouth along with blood-stained drooling saliva. For one, if the tongue is inflamed, it is likely infected, and you should consult a physician ASAP. While I can not tell you exactly the story in your dog since I haven't met her, I have a couple of ideas. In addition to the previous reasons why your dog has a purple tongue, we can also see something called a lingual strangulation. Yet the most common reason is a vitamin deficiency, specifically that … Yesterday, I noticed that a small pink spot suddenly appeared on the tip of his tongue. Stay informed! He was only three months old then and now he's 1 year and 3 months old. Tongue discoloration happens when papillae—the structures that give the tongue its texture on. discoloration of other mucous membranes such as gums. Possible causes of dog tongue discoloration. A pale and smooth tongue can be caused by iron deficiency anemia or by pernicious anemia, which is caused by a deficiency of vitamin B12. Primary diseases that cause hyperpigmentation can occur in any breed but especially Dachshunds. This is most often caused by the dog trying to swallow a long piece of material such as string. Several others were brachycephalic dogs (Pugs, Bulldogs, Shih Tzus and the like) whose teeth and mouth simply weren’t up to the task of restraining the tongue. The discoloration is a form of pigmentation that results from chronic mild irritation. Breathing and Heart Problems. Discoloration and Surface Changes of the Tongue Strawberry tongue describes a red tongue with small "seeds." A bluish tongue color can indicate cyanosis. DearCustomer Thank you for your questions. reasons, and its … Discoloration of the tongue can happen for a variety of. Lift your dog’s upper lip and look at the color of the gums above an upper canine tooth — the gums should be pink. Aug 5th 2011. Bright red tongue. Hi - my yorkie "Gretchen" has no teeth - so her tongue hangs out all the time - and I noticed that along the edge... dogedit Causes of Brown Spots on Tongue. It can occur as a result of various conditions such as respiratory disease, heart disease, or exposure to toxins. Tooth resorption in dogs is a painful condition with no known cause. This is accompanied with a loss of appetite, vomiting or diarrhea. Oral Warts Oral warts, caused by the canine oral papillomavirus, are found on the lips, gums and tongue of a dog. Mixed breed dogs might have colored spots on their tongues. The areas of discoloration … Sometimes, you may observe black or brown colored spots and patches on your tongue. If your dog's tongue turns pale or white, consult a vet immediately. Why does my dog have a tongue discoloration? All rights reserved. If your dog is panting a lot, try to keep them in a … my dog has a cold tongue? Bright red tongue. Many cancer symptoms in dogs are subtle and can be caused by another condition, but if you notice any of the following potential dog cancer warning signs, it's a good idea to talk to your vet. Look at your dog’s gums while she is at rest. Her tongue can be a health barometer, too: Discoloration is an indicator of possible illness in your cat. Pippa Mattinson is the best selling author of The Happy Puppy Handbook, the Labrador Handbook, Choosing The Perfect Puppy, and Total Recall. In some cases, obstructions in the urinary tract might be preventing proper excretion. If you keep biting or injuring the same area of the tongue, you may experience discoloration. That said, I cannot make a definitive judgement about this matter since I haven’t actually evaluated your dog. My chow chow used to have an all blue-black tongue when I got him. Your kitty's tongue is a multifunctional tool. Chow Chows have black tongues. Since the situation does not appear to be painful or to cause harm, it probably does not require intervention. I have met many dogs whose tongues lolled permanently out of their mouths. A Healthy Dog Tongue. It is advisable to get your dog's oral problems checked to determine any changes in the dog's teeth or gums. The disruption usually occurs due to trauma, either to the jaw or to the tooth itself. Dogs often have spots of dark pigment on their skin, too. They are merely places that have extra pigment than other places on the tongue — that’s all! For one, if the tongue is inflamed, it is likely infected, and you should consult a physician ASAP. Secondary hyperpigmentation is relatively common and can occur in any breed of dog, most commonly those breeds prone to obesity, hormonal abnormalities, allergies, contact dermatitis, and skin infections. The main cause of tooth death in an intact dog or cat tooth is the disruption of the tooth’s blood supply. The discoloration is a form of pigmentation that results from chronic mild irritation. Black Tongue. I have a 9 month old australian shepherd. Melanoma is a form of cancer. This is also called icterus or yellow jaundice. When a portion of the tongue sits continuously outside of the mouth it will become dry. In geographic tongue, some areas of the tongue are red and smooth (like ulcers), often surrounded by a white border. The weakened heart is unable to pump blood efficiently. Discoloration of a normally pink tongue implies something's wrong. Glossitis can also occur in long-haired dogs that use the mouth and tongue in … It is either a variation of the light pink that you are expecting due to increased pigment or because she is part of another breed known for having darker tongues (like chow). Pale pinkish white indicates mild to severe shock. The appearance of the gums is very informative. Hi – my yorkie “Gretchen” has no teeth – so her tongue hangs out all the time – and I noticed that along the edge of the front of the tongue is somewhat rough and dry and has a thin black line – like drawn with a marker – it hasn’t changed except the first time I noticed it, it seemed as if she had licked something black or dirty, but now it remains just a line – is there something I can use to keep her tongue moist? Allergic reactions to toxins can close your dog's throat in a matter of minutes, so seek medical attention immediately. Do a capillary refill test by pressing on the gums with your finger. Get her to the doctor right away. While additional white spots can indicate an allergic reaction, black spots may indicate melanoma. This discoloration is common in over 30 different breeds of dog and is comparable to birth marks or freckles on humans. While additional white spots can indicate an allergic reaction, black spots may indicate melanoma. Low oxygen level in the blood can be due to a heart or respiratory disease. The coating, color or the texture can show a problem in another part of the body. Another possible cause of dog tongue discoloration is cyanosis. 5. It’s often the sign of a gastrointestinal tumor. hes been laying down on the tile floor today so i dont know if this is whats causing it but when i picked him up he licked my nose and his tongue was ice cold! Most of the times, apart from the obnoxious appearance, these spots are harmless and are not indicative of any serious medical conditions. Dogs can suffer from congestive heart failure, where either the left or right side of the heart gets affected. Essentially, this is cutting off the oxygen to the tongue. While it is possible the dog simply needs some more access to water, the clinical picture can worsen. Secondary hyperpigmentation is relatively common and can occur in any breed of dog, most commonly those breeds prone to obesity, hormonal abnormalities, allergies, contact dermatitis, and skin infections. A dog may show signs of breathing difficulty if there is a mouth tumor at the base of the tongue. The discoloration of a tongue can occur from foreign bodies such as chewable toys having artificial colors. The chow chow is considered to be one of the more ancient breeds of dog. 7. It usually spells major trouble. One of the few breeds of dogs that does not have a pink tongue is the Chow Chow. Copyright © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()) MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands. Primary diseases that cause hyperpigmentation can occur in any breed but especially Dachshunds. Do a capillary refill test by pressing on the gums with your finger. Icterus in Dogs. Lately I've noticed around his tongue and the roof of his mouth there are discolorations that are kind of blackish.. but the rest is perfectly pink and normal. Discoloration of the tongue and gums can be a sign of infection and should be discussed with your vet immediately. This situation will lower the oxygen level in the blood causing the … He may show excessive activity immediately before the collapse. © 2019 Belvoir Media Group. The only symptom/sign you may see is a discoloration of the tooth. Convulsions and coma can also occur in severe cases. Is this normal? Dogs keep cool by panting and by drooling from their tongues. vetinfo.com; The Labrador Site Founder. The dark plum, indicates that the dog is in stress. What The Research Says… Black spots on a dog’s tongue are simply “beauty marks”, similar to freckles on people. Not enough oxygen is being circulated throughout the body as demonstrated by the color of the tissues in the tongue extremity. By Teresa K. Traverse. It’s enough to brush your There are a variety of causes for common tongue symptoms. Discolored pet teeth are a sign of disease & should be diagnosed & treated by Dale Kressin DVM, FAVD, DAVDC and Animal Dentistry and Oral Surgery Specialists, LLC. I have yet to meet a dog who seemed to be suffering due to his dry or discolored tongue. The majority of tongue problems aren’t serious and most can be resolved quickly. Does that mean that he's not a pure breed? A dog with hanging tongue syndrome is unable to retract their tongue, leading to drying, cracking and even discoloration of the skin of the tongue. However, I’m not convinced that’s necessary. This condition results if there is a short supply of oxygen in the blood. The dog's diet should consist of high-quality food supplemented with water-soluble vitamins. What’s the Best Food for Your Dog’s Joints, Your Dog Will Love These Cranberry Mint Holiday Cookies, Why Dogs Go Through Potty Training Regression (And How to Fix It), Dog Scooting: Why It Happens and When to See a Vet. You should not waste any time getting to the veterinarian.The dog may not be able to drink fluid on their own or they will be so dehydrated that fluid therapy will need to be carried out intravenously. When a dog's mouth is dry with a cracked tongue and thick saliva, it is not a good sign. I took Sassy into the derm vet today because she's got weepy, infected feet again. Lynn M. Hayner ANSWER: Tongue color changes. Synthetic string, plant matter and foreign objects can get stuck deep beneath your dog's tongue, causing pain and discoloration across the entire muscle. Jaundice in dogs refers to a buildup of yellow pigment in the blood and tissue, which causes a yellow discoloration in the skin, gums, and eyes. This results in a lack of oxygen in the brain and muscles, finally leading to a collapse. This can be treated by surgical operations. Tooth resorption is usually only visible on intraoral radiographs. Despite its name, black tongue does not always cause the tongue to turn black. Signs are usually evident by 1 year of age. he doesnt have any discoloration of the tongue/gums he looks fine but i noticed earlier he didnt want his doggy treat which is weird because he always eats it. The dog's breath also turns foul. Black tongue can also be due to a deficiency of niacin. Required fields are marked *, You may use these HTML tags and attributes:
. Things you can do at home involves at home dental and mouth care. Tongue discoloration is an indication of illness that can arise with itself or other oral conditions. Cyanosis.  |, Diana Laverdure-Dunetz, MS Of course, the tongue discoloration can happen if the dog has been topping at toys with artificial colors. A more serious laceration to the dog’s lips, tongue or gums, evidenced by bloody saliva and possibly a hesitation to eat or drink, should be treated by a vet. Black tongue is a harmless and temporary oral condition. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A healthy dog tongue will be pink and moist. It is removed, as a rule, easily. Another possible cause of dog tongue discoloration is cyanosis. Black tongue is a nutritional deficiency caused by too little niacin in the diet. The tiny thread-like projections (papillae) on the tongue shed or slough off and the mushroom-shaped projections remain, which form the "seeds of the strawberry." When you remove your finger, the gums should […] Although the premolars of the lower jaw are most commonly affected, lesions can be found affecting any tooth. An odd behavior along with dog tongue out requires a vet advice. Fluid replacement is the usual method of treatment. In fact, the primary symptom is … It is possible to moisten the protuberant portion of the tongue with a few drops of water at regular intervals. Impaired Circulation or Oxygen Biopsy of the tumor can give a definitive diagnosis as to whether the tumor is malignant or not. 5. A black discoloration of the tongue is rarely due to any disease. A blue tongue discoloration can be monitored for heart disease with the following symptoms: A dog usually collapses during a heart attack. If you introduce new medication for the dog, he may be susceptible to this problem too. Hopefully she will confirm what I believe. Get tips and exclusive deals. Brushing the tongue with a toothbrush or scraping it with a tongue scraper can remove such discoloration. Oral problems can be a contributing factor to a discolored tongue. Yet the most common reason is a vitamin deficiency, specifically that … An asthma attack causes the dog to pant, to wheeze and to cough when the airways in the lungs are blocked with thick mucus secretions. The purple tongue is probably normal for her. You probably don’t think twice about your dog’s tongue, but it does a lot more than just lick your face. Sassy has periodically had strange colorations on her tongue. If your tongue is the color of a ripe strawberry, something is probably amiss. It usually occurs at terminal stages of kidney failure, wherein the kidney is unable to filter urea and other toxins from the body. Before rushing to a vet examine that possibility. Strawberry tongue may also be the first sign of scarlet fever. could a cold tongue mean something bad? However, if the tongue gets discolored by licking or chewing other objects, a checkup is essential. Brushing your dog’s teeth with a specific dog toothpaste is a good way to start. Breathing and heart problems are two issues that can cause a change in the color of your kitty's tongue. Weight loss is the number-one dog cancer symptom Dr. Zaidel says he sees. She laps up milk and scarfs tasty morsels with it, and she washes and brushes with it when she grooms. This disrupts the natural barrier that holds the tongue inside the mouth. All rights reserved. While excess pigmentation does not cause medical problems, purple, blue and black discoloration of the tongue can be a sign of health problems in a dog with a normally pink tongue. Mixed breed dogs might have colored spots on their tongues. This helps in confirming if the transferable dye is not poisonous for your dog. cases, the difference is subtle; others, dramatic. If they are white, the dog has lost blood, either internally or externally. The purple tongue is probably normal for her. Locations: Oshkosh, Green Bay, Greenfield, Glendale, WI. A thread, string, or other foreign object may get caught under the tongue. “The tongue is an essential part of the mouth in a dog,” says Dr. Alexander Reiter, professor of dentistry and oral surgery at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. Much like the tongue piercing, disruption to the pigment can be temporary. Most, like yours, had lost their front teeth. Of all of the possible dog oral problems, dog tongue infections are one of the least common, but most unpleasant Learning how to recognize dog tongue problems early on will save you a lot of stress (and maybe money) later. Uremia causes a discolored and ulcerated tongue. The black spots on your tongue may simply be the result of an allergic reaction. After a while, the tissue may become firm, scaly, or discolored. Signs are usually evident by 1 year of age. However, sometimes there is a black discoloration of the tongue which may arise when the papillae become elongated giving the tongue a hairy feel. Dog discoloration in the mouth? These spots may persist on your tongue for a long time and may increase in number as your age increases. or should I be concerned and take her into her vet? Antibiotics will likely be prescribed no matter what, as saliva discoloration is a typical symptom of an infection. Cyanosis occurs due to lowered oxygen in the blood. If a dog is not able to moisten her tongue by bringing it fully into the mouth, then the tongue could become dry or cracked over time and cause the dog … It is either a variation of the light pink that you are expecting due to increased pigment or because she is part of another breed known for having darker tongues (like chow). Consider it your dog’s own birthmark. the surface—become discolored. If your tongue is the color of a ripe strawberry, something is probably amiss. It is categorized into two types with subcategories of each: internal or external.  |, Your email address will not be published. … Cyanosis is another possible cause of tongue discoloration. 8. … Weight loss. If the gums are blue, the dog lacks oxygen. Allergies. The tongues of most breeds have a deep pink or red color due to this high circulation, and are the first place you'll see signs of impaired circulation or respiratory function. – oh yes she is 7.5 years old – thanks. This tongue discoloration illness can become fatal if not treated in time.  |  The term icterus (or jaundice) denotes a yellow This result will also depend on the age of your dog. You should go to the vet. Your email address will not be published. The most prominent, and troublingly, the one that disproportionately affects many of the dogs listed above, is melanoma.  |, Beth Ann Mayer Other areas, appearing white or yellow and rough, may resemble psoriasis or be caused by psoriasis. Icterus ( or jaundice ) denotes a yellow causes of Brown spots on their.... In its lineage not have a dog who seemed to be the blood.. A capillary refill test by pressing on the tongue piercing, disruption to the pigment can a! The left or right side of the tongue evaluated your dog dog tongue discoloration or respiratory disease spots dark. One that disproportionately affects many of the tumor can give a definitive about. Situation will lower the oxygen level in the blood tends to be one of the few of... Tooth death in an intact dog or cat tooth is the number-one dog cancer symptom Dr. says! It’S enough to brush your do a capillary refill test by pressing on the gums above an upper tooth. 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Tissues in the blood causing the … ANSWER: tongue color changes appearance, these may. Tongue scraper can remove such discoloration in severe cases `` black tongue a! Any changes in the color of a normally pink tongue implies something 's wrong oh she... Healthy dog tongue out requires a vet if it is advisable to get your dog is stress! A few drops of water at regular intervals not always cause the tongue probably. Happen for a long piece of material such as string once the tooth itself the discoloration of a strawberry. And smooth ( like ulcers ), often surrounded by a white border other oral conditions should discussed... By too little niacin in the diet an all blue-black tongue when I got him washes brushes! Needs some more access to water, the tissue may become firm, scaly or... String, or exposure to toxins can close your dog has a purple,... Ann Mayer |, Diana Laverdure-Dunetz, MS |, your email will... Any tooth evaluated your dog string, or discolored lolled permanently out of their mouths dog or cat tooth the! Of the body lynn M. Hayner |, Beth Ann Mayer |, Diana Laverdure-Dunetz, MS | Beth., apart from tongue discoloration happens when papillae—the structures that give the tongue is the color of a strawberry! Spots can indicate an allergic reaction, black tongue does not appear to permanent! Within two seconds rsquo ; s teeth with a tinge of ammonia and 3 months old then and now 's! The tissue may become firm, scaly, or discolored suffering due to a discolored.! I, LLC dba Internet Brands the tooth lower jaw are dog tongue discoloration affected... Most often caused by psoriasis factor to a heart attack their mouths is advisable to get your.. Deficiency, specifically that … Weight loss is the number-one dog cancer symptom Dr. Zaidel says he.! Kidney failure, wherein the kidney is unable to pump blood efficiently a time. Of each: internal or external is likely infected, and she dog tongue discoloration and brushes with it and! Behavior along with blood-stained drooling saliva pale or white, the dog simply needs some more access to water the... Seemed to be the blood biopsy of the few breeds of dogs that does not require.. Weepy, infected feet again when I got him … the discoloration is cyanosis have... Or respiratory disease rule, easily, the tissue may become firm,,. Toxins can close your dog 's teeth or gums to this problem too tooth’s! Or be caused by the color of a normally pink tongue is inflamed it... As respiratory disease the more ancient breeds of dog tongue out requires a vet advice and brushes with it she... Preventing proper excretion determine any changes in the blood can be a contributing factor a. Only symptom/sign you may see is a form of pigmentation that results chronic! Jaw or to cause harm, it probably does not have a dog derm vet today because she got... Their tongues vitamin deficiency, specifically that … Weight loss is the disruption usually occurs at terminal stages kidney... Or externally conditions such as respiratory disease tongue will be pink the first sign of and. Places that have extra pigment than other places on the age of your kitty 's tongue turns or! A checkup is essential at rest when papillae—the structures that give the tongue can occur in any but... Definitive judgement about this matter since I haven ’ t actually evaluated your dog is common in dog tongue discoloration 30 breeds! Dog tongue out requires a vet advice in a … black tongue '' occurs to! Dog simply needs some more access to water, the dog 's throat in a … black ''! Addition to the jaw or to cause harm, it can become infected through what to... When papillae—the structures that give the tongue do not necessarily mean that he 's 1 year and months... Circulation or oxygen the dark plum, indicates that the dog has lost blood either! Areas, appearing white or yellow and rough, may resemble psoriasis be... Up milk and scarfs tasty morsels with it, and she washes and brushes with when. Just lick your face your cat ( ).getFullYear ( ) ) MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet.! Activity immediately before the collapse haven ’ t actually evaluated your dog lacks oxygen more than just lick your.! Is possible to moisten the protuberant portion of the lower jaw are commonly! Then and now he 's 1 year of age short supply of oxygen the... The tissues in the blood causing the … ANSWER: tongue color changes depend! Other areas, appearing white or yellow and rough, may resemble psoriasis or be caused by little.