The young one will leave from its parent's nest after 110 days although the parents will continue to give food to their child for the next 100 days. Dromedary Camel. Occasionally, they also hunt hares. Dorcas gazelles are perfectly adapted for the life in desert lands. Most of the captive crocodiles Lyon Zoo, Copenhagen Zoo, and six zoos in the United States are actually West African Crocodiles and not Nile Crocodiles. The young ones are the last to eat. They are adapted to live in dry areas like sand dune fields, wadis, semi-deserts, and savannahs. Their habitat is the dry places like steppes, savannas, and deserts within the south-southeastern region of Africa. They drink water during their flight as they skim on the surface of water. However, there are instances that rock hyraxes will feed on bird eggs, small lizards and insects. They have a body length of about 350 mm and their tail length is about 200 mm. One bad side of the females is that they are careless mothers. Their tails are bushy and the length is from 25 to 30 centimeters. They hunt for food at night. An adult African Silverbill has a body length of 4 inches. They inhabit in the Sahara Desert where the climate is semi-arid. Black spots are prominent on their legs and upper body. They have 5 toes on each foot. A female hyrax has a gestation period of about 7 to 8 months which is unusual for a mammal of their size. Sand Cats are among the kind of animals that can live and survive in dry and hot regions like deserts where there is scarcity of water source. This animal is a cold-blooded creature and hence goes into hibernation from September to April. They will acquire this glossy texture when they shed their feathers and the glossy ones will replace them. The rollers roll the dungs into balls. There are more males in a pack than females. Their mating season is at its peak during the start of spring. These frogs originally inhabit the southern region of the Sahara Desert along the African Rift Valley. Its average weight ranges from 40 pounds to 70 pounds. It takes 42 days for the eggs to hatch. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020, The Sahara Sea: A Hypothetical Project To Create A Sea In The Sahara Desert. The list of insects includes beetles, ants, bees, wasps, sawflies, flies, and mosquitoes. The mating season of Dorcas Gazelles is between September and November. One of its distinguishing marks is that yellowish dot on her wings. You can find the largest Gerbil in Turkmenistan. They choose only those dungs from plant-eating animals like elephants, sheep, horses, and others. They have either stripes or spots or both on their fur. Their favorite animals to eat are gazelles, impalas, antelopes, and zebras. The eyes of the Chameleons have unique characteristics. They take their first flight when 24 days old. Their sounds can be heard almost 2 miles afar. These gazelles are active between dusk to dawn when they forage for leaves, fruits, twigs, and flowers of desert vegetation. They are very good hunters. The hump of the camel is an important body part. Each female will lay only one egg in each breeding season. Reptiles like the sand viper and the monitor lizard are present in the Sahara as well. These deer are very fast runners. Their diet consists mainly of the leaves of plants and smaller animals like insects, lizards, and small sized tortoises. Which Countries Does The Sahara Desert Cover? They have brownish-grey fur coat. They are often found in grasslands, dry savannas, and large sandy wadis. They have the option to live a solitary life or join a herd. For about 2 weeks, the calf will remain hidden in the shrubs and grasses for protection. Explore dune fields, oases, the Nile and Niger rivers and even the most barren areas, (for instance, the Tanezrouft Basin--the Land of Terror). It has been observed that when this bat species fly their wings would have low aspect ratios. Some captive-bred ostriches have been reintroduced back into the wild in secure protected areas. Some are amazed at its prowess as a hunter. However, there are sightings of these small birds in the island of Hawaii. They have thick fur coating that reflects a shade of olive green when seen from the distance. Their underside has white furs. Their body weight is about 80 pounds. They will even eat their own kind if there is no other food option. They work together when they needed to hunt other animals for food. They use their tongue to catch their food. Their body size is a little bit smaller compared to other kinds of cheetahs. They prefer to rest and sleep during the hottest hours of each day. They will put the eggs inside their mouths and crack each egg gently using their tongues. These animals usually make their homes in thick vegetation and human-made buildings. They grow from 7 to 17 cm long and they only weigh anywhere from 30 to 70 grams. They are also excellent in snake control. They usually use this ability to detect scorpions on the ground. They are only active and hunt for food in the early morning hours. They can live for days without water. The blood of their hunted animals is their alternative source of water. One of their advantages from other animals is that they are great trackers of prey. One of the biggest reasons why this bird is going extinct is due to poisoning. Basking helps them to keep warm and replenish the energy needed to go hunting during the night. Males will use their droppings to guard their territories. During winter season, they hibernate. There are also instances that these fights are used by adult males to establish their dominance over everyone else in their group. The sand viper is a snake of the very dangerous viper family. They can be active the whole day when the temperature becomes mild. They can smell the scent of rain for as far as 50 miles. These gazelles feed on leaves, fruits, grasses, and shoots of desert plants. Their body can weigh from 280 grams to 510 grams. Some of them are in the brink of extinction. Of course, most of them have undergone some level of adaptation so that they are able to survive in the harsh desert. They have long tails ranging from 9 to 12 inches in length. It is so amazing to know how these Sahara Desert animals live in this arid region of the world. The presence of a pair of supraocular "horns" helps to easily distinguish this viper species from others. Compared to all the big cats in the world, the Lions are the laziest. This behavior helps them to avoid the extreme heat of the desert sun and to conserve water. They also thrive in grasslands and savannas. Their thick lips help them to eat any thorny plant without getting hurt. They will only be forced to leave the water if they have to look for another pool of water to inhabit. The female is expected to lay about 10 eggs. The males are very loud when it is time to mate. Up to three babies are born in each pregnancy. That means they prefer to catch their prey that are on the ground. Their population is greatly decreased due to human presence in their natural habitat. Their long tails are used for balance when they stand on their two feet. They can live up to 10 years in the wild. Full grown adults weigh from 640 grams to 1 kilogram. They have shorter coats and the color is almost white. Two, their bodies are capable of releasing heat shock proteins. Again, just like other mantis species, the females are usually a bit bigger than the males. They are quite noisy animals. The incubation period is up to 105 days. There are small groups of cheetahs and these groups are mostly composed of a mother and her growing cubs. Their diet is very varied depending on the availability of food and the place that they are in. For a few examples, you can: 1. The adult females can reach to the height of 60 centimeters up to their shoulders and the males can grow up to 70 centimeters. Mouse-tailed bats can be seen flying around and snatching their prey in midair. Humans will usually die about 30 minutes after a cobra bites him and no treatment is given. Join hiking and camel treks, recalling ancient nomadic trading caravans. Despite the harsh, arid conditions of the desert, several plants and animals call the region home. When standing, they can jump to as high as 2 meters or higher. These animals usually take shelter inside rock crevices and come out at the time of foraging. However, they will also eat other food options like scorpions, snakes, birds' eggs, and small invertebrates. Fennec Foxes are considered as the smallest foxes in the world. During summer, they have sandy-beige to white coats. After 48 hours, the babies will be able to move on their own and hear sounds. However, when the food source is low, the herd will separate into small groups of 30 individuals to survive. we present some of the most iconic species of the Sahara Desert. Their nests are mainly made of soft materials like green twigs, cloth, hair, wool, roots, and sticks. Indiscriminate hunting has wiped out large populations of this animal. It stretches across much of Northern Africa, covering about 31% of the African landmass. This animal in danger. Their legs are short. These are mongoose and wild boars. They get their water requirement from what they eat. The number of humps is the distinguishing factor between these two camel breeds. Of all the birds of prey, they have the longest legs. One of the incredibly adaptive Sahara desert animals, the dromedary camel, also known as the Arabian camel, exists today only as a domesticated animal but they were domesticated more than 3,000 years ago mainly for transport across arid regions. The addax antelopes are highly adapted to live in the harsh desert conditions and can sustain themselves without water for indefinite periods of time. The characteristic traits of Bateleur Eagles are their feather colors and facial appearance. The young ones become independent when they are about 40 days old. A grown adult male can weigh up to 200 pounds. They also leave markings on objects using their urine and claws. The animals that currently inhabit the Sahara desert are some of the oldest species in the world. The roars of lions are very powerful. It has been suggested that they prefer to target insects and small vertebrates. These babies are already fully developed before birth. They don't die if they have no access to any water source because they get their water supply from what they eat and from early morning dew. An adult Dwarf Crocodile can grow up to 5 feet in body length. Its weight is about 2,000 pounds or 900 kilograms. The female has a similar color to the male but the shade is less intense. Hunting for meat and habitat loss threatens the survival of this species. However, they are also great fliers. 7. They can also be found in areas in Asia such as Thailand and India as well as the Middle East. Their tail is long and pointed and the color is black. Cobras display these following traits when threatened or hunting. However, there are specific regions in the Sahara wherein they are considered extinct like Ghana, Sierra Leone, Senegal, and Morocco. There are also other species of Jerboa that can live in cold deserts. They have the habit of storing their leftovers in the sand for future consumption. Their body length ranges from 2 to 3.5 cm – that doesn't include the tail though. Their necks are long and thin. You can see some white feathers when their tails are spread out. In the list of Top 10 Amazing Sahara Desert Animals In The World, Dorcas Gazelle is at no 8. Their bodies are adapted to go on for days up to 2 months without drinking water. Dwarf Crocodiles have long lifespan in the wild – about 75 years. They are well adapted to survive the extremes of the desert habitat in which they live. They can be found in the Middle East, southwest Asia, as well as in west, south, and central Africa. Only one baby is born in every pregnancy. These lizards love to dig in the ground and stay in their burrows. Their usual diet is composed of leaves, herbs, grasses, and fruits. These silver hairs have the ability to reflect away the sunlight from the body of the ants. They feed on antelopes like the addax and the gazelles. Jerboas are adapted to live in the hot desert of the Sahara. They are small mammals. The weight ranges from 440 pounds to 510 pounds. The gestation period is about 9 months. Their dens are inside wooded areas. They are small-sized mammals that are furry. A female mantis can grow as long as 8 centimeters. A colony is usually composed of 50 individuals. They have great night vision and heightened sense of smell. They are a common sight in North Africa and in the sandy areas of the Sahara Desert. Kobs can be found today in the plains of West Africa and also in central East Africa. Their body length can reach up to 7 feet. The desert is full of large oasis depressions, shallow inundated basins, sand seas, sand dunes, sand sheets, abrupt mountains, rocky plateaus, and gravel plains. Their fur color changes from one season to another. A critically endangered species, the addax antelope (Addax nasomaculatus) is rarely sighted in the Sahara. The tail length is about 2 inches. They are nocturnal animals. These crocodiles are caring and protective parents. The eggs will hatch after 46 days of sitting. Their favorite food choices are insects, eggs, reptiles, rodents and some plants. The color of their fur coating ranges from grey to yellow to brown to orange and to dark red. During the day, they are hiding in their burrows to protect themselves from the heat of the sun. Their fur coat is black with white stripe. The babies are dependent on their mother's milk from birth up to 29 weeks. Many of the hatchlings won't be able to return back to their mothers. However, despite the extreme conditions in the region, there are still hundreds of animal species thriving to live here. Sometimes, they are brave enough to enter into the homes of humans. Their first option is to eat green grasses. The males will grow their antlers up to this size within 3 years. Their ears can grow as long as that of a Jack Rabbit. There are more than a hundred different kinds of Gerbils in the wild. They have unique patterns on their coat composed of black, brown, yellow and white colors. They are often hunted when in flight. The spineless band on their face is their most distinctive feature. Animals have had to adapt to dry conditions in the Sahara desert. They love to stay in the water most of the day. Other than that, another reason why people love to keep it as a pet is because the African Mantis is relatively easy to care for. It is the mother's responsibility to protect the nest and eggs from predators during incubation. Some spotted hyenas will sometimes follow their tracks to make a catch, too. They are also fast runners. They have white under parts. These dogs inhabit in woodlands, savannas and grasslands in the Sahara Desert. Their body length is only 47 centimeters. They will usually be colored purple and they will be very beautiful. These birds originate in Africa. They will leave their birth pack and transfer to another pack if there is a lack of mature females who are sexually capable. One distinguishing feature of Barbary Sheep is that the hairs on the area of their throat down to the upper portion of their front legs grows very long that these almost touched the ground. They are related to the African Weasels. Their main predators are the falcons especially the Taita Falcon, Peregrine Falcon, Eurasian Hobby, and African Hobby. They also use these horns to blend into their environment for protection. The mother can give birth up to three kids in each pregnancy. Experts believed that these birds were made pets and escaped from or abandoned by their owners. Its tail has a length of 865 mm to 870 mm. The female will usually lay 3 to 6 eggs in one season. Lappet-faced vultures are sensitive when it comes to their territory. These snakes prefer to live in dry places and their population is abundant in Sahara Desert. They just satisfy their thirst by consuming the leaves of plants. They also use their wings to steer in the right direction when they are running very fast. These Sahara Desert animals inhabit Africa, Middle East, Southeast Asia, and Central Europe. There are sightings in the countries of Sudan, Nigeria, Niger, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Cameroon, and Burkina Faso. Caring for the babies is the main responsibility of the mother. Their venom is injected through their fangs. Their black-tipped tails distinguished them from the other jackal species. They can weigh up to 5 kilograms. A group of lions is called a pride and it is mostly composed of 30 individuals. They are smart hunters and they work together to get their prey. Pale Crag Martins belong to the family of swallows. When that happens they tend to retreat away from any possible threats. Their staple food is rodents. The length of their tongue is mostly twice the length of their body. They are also the largest when it comes to body size. A male Oryx dominates the herd. They are commonly found the wetlands and lagoons of the forests in West and Central Africa. They are aquatic amphibians. The females are larger in size than the males. They use the wind to know where an herbivore just drops its dung. They are called Slender Mongoose because they have a slender and long body. They only stand at the height of 45 centimeters and weigh up to 850 grams. Right after birth, the babies' eyes are already open. They start to become sexually mature when 2 years old. The duration of the pregnancy is about a year. Their hind legs are longer than their front legs like that of the kangaroos. They will also stand erect by raising the upper part of their bodies. They usually eat lizards. When they are not submerged in the water during the day, you can see them out in the open basking under the sun. Once they are inside their burrows, they feel safe and secure from their many predators. The female hares are a little bit larger in body size than the male hares. As snakes, their metabolism is very slow. You will find them in burrows and other areas on the ground. 1. The Desert Monitor lizard is also known as the Grey Monitor lizard. Some of their species are aquatic and they mainly live in rivers and lakes. They hunt for insects along the cliff faces. The mating season is during the months of May to June of each year. They love to bury themselves in the sand to hide from their enemies or wait for their prey. The body weight ranges from 40 to 140 kilograms. Female lions are the hunters of the pride. They are really helpless in this state. The babies will open their eyes after 40 days. They look tailless because of their wide wingspan. The stealers are considered as the lazy ones because they will just steal dung balls instead of make one on their own. They have slim bodies and slender legs. The females are always in the hierarchy than the males. Other animals, like Fennec Foxes, have huge ears that spread the excess heat out over a large surface area. They are also tree climbers unlike the other kinds of mongoose. One birth will yield to about 10 puppies however only a few of these puppies will get to adulthood because of their predators. Golden Jackals are more related to the grey wolves and coyotes than the jackal species. 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